主 题： Successful goal pursuit: The sample cases of backup planning, boredom, and procrastination
报告人：Alexandra M. Freund
摘 要：Goals are essential for self-regulation and self-control across various life domains and across the lifespan. In this talk I will present research in three areas that are highly relevant for successful goal pursuit: （1） backup planning, （2） managing boredom, and （3） counteracting procrastination. Regarding backup planning, I will present a theoretical model and first empirical evidence that backup planning, counter to common wisdom, can undermine successful goal pursuit. Regarding the management of boredom as well as counteracting procrastination, I will introduce the concept of goal focus （on the means or the outcome of goal pursuit） and show its effect on the experience of boredom and the initiation and maintenance of difficult goal pursuit （i.e., procrastination）. This research suggests that adopting a process focus is more adaptive than focusing on the outcome of goal pursuit.
Alexandra M. Freund is a Professor of Psychology at the University of Zurich, Dept. of Psychology. She studied psychology at the University of Heidelberg and the Free University of Berlin, where she also received her Ph. D. She was a post-doctoral fellow at Stanford University and returned to Germany to co-direct a project on successful aging and developmental regulation with Paul B. Baltes at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin for seven years. After that, she was an assistant professor and later an associate professor at Northwestern University （Evanston）. Since 2005, she is at the University of Zurich where she holds the chair of “Developmental Psychology: Adulthood.” She was a guest scientist at Brandeis University （Waltham）, the University of Florida （Gainesville）, Columbia University （New York City）, and the German Primate Center in Göttingen. She is on the advisory board of several research institutions.
Alexandra M. Freund was elected as one of the founding members of the Young Academy of Sciences. In 2012, she became a fellow of the Association of Psychological Science （APS）; in 2013, she received a mentoring award of the section for Developmental Psychology of the German Psychological Association, and in 2015 the Humboldt-Research Award, and was elected a member of the Wilhelm-Wundt Society in 2017. Since 2010, she is associate editor of the APA-journal Psychology and Aging. Central research interests are self-regulation and self-control, processes of successful aging, developmental regulation, and motivation across the life span.